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22 Steps Closer to Zero Waste Living: Disposable Items to Stop Buying Right Now

22 Steps Closer to Zero Waste Living: Disposable Items to Stop Buying Right Now
Written by Jennifer Nini

Some people think or expect zero waste lifestyle practitioners to create no waste at all. As I have mentioned many times before on this blog and elsewhere, there is no such thing as 100% sustainability in life unless you live away from modern civilisation perhaps in an undiscovered indigenous tribe somewhere in the Amazon Rainforest.

The whole point of the zero waste lifestyle is to avoid creating garbage in the first place – garbage that is destined for landfill.

This means reusing, recycling, upcycling and composting products as much as possible. It also means reducing the consumption of single-use ‘disposable’ items to begin with, even if it can be composted and recycled.

The key to zero waste living is to ditch all products that are disposable and unnecessary, that will end up as ‘garbage’. The next step is to find reusable eco-friendly alternatives for products that you often purchase and make the switch.

To help you get started, here are 22 disposable items you really should stop buying (or accepting into your home) to help you live a more waste-free and minimalist lifestyle:


1. Plastic bags

Non-biodegradable plastic bags are truly a menace to our natural environment. They clog water ways, pollute parks and beaches and are a nuisance to our wildlife. It’s little wonder that local governments around the world are waging war on single-use disposable plastic bags including the Queensland Government who will ban disposable plastic bags in 2018.

ditch plastic bags use reusable bags

The solution? Take reusable cloth bags and say no to plastic bags at the checkout.

Simple Ecology Organic Reusable Farmers Market Shopping Bag Gift & Starter Set of 6 Bags

Simple Ecology Organic Reusable Shopping Bag Set of 6 Bags $24.95

Simple Ecology Organic Reusable Shopping Bag Gift & Starter Set of 6 Bags

Foldable market basket from Uncommon Goods $29.99

2. Plastic wrap

Plastic cling wrap was developed to wrap and preserve food and seems ingrained in our culture of convenience but its disposability is creating a huge problem for the environment, not to mention that it’s often made from synthetically-developed PVC.

The solution? Use reusable food wraps made from hemp, beeswax, jojoba oil and tree resin. You can purchase some eco-friendly food wraps at Life Without Plastic.

Bee's Wrap Sustainable Reusable Food Storage Mimi's Purple Assorted 3 Pack

Bee’s Wrap Reusable Food Storage Mimi’s Purple Assorted 3 Pack $19.00

Bee's Wrap Sustainable Reusable Food Storage Mimi's Purple 3 Pack

Bee's Wrap Assorted 3-Pack

Bee's Wrap 3-Pack Sustainable Food Wrap

3. Facial tissues & napkins

Facial tissues were first introduced in 1924 by Kimberly-Clark as ‘Kleenex’ and then marketed to the world as a convenient product that would improve hygiene. Even if they are made from recycled paper, disposable tissues and serviettes are still wasteful.

Related Post: How Advertising Has Contributed to Wasteful Consumption

The solution? Take a handkerchief with you at all times. Use it when you need to and throw it in the washing machine when it needs a clean. Handkerchiefs can also be purchased second hand but if that makes you queasy, just make your own.

4. Aluminium Foil

While you can wash and reuse aluminium foil, most people don’t, it’s often just thrown out like all other products built for disposability and convenience. While some people can’t imagine roasting a chook without aluminium foil there are better alternatives and some that won’t leach aluminium into your food.

ditch foil for banana leaves or cookware

The solution? Ashley Housley, founder and mummy blogger of Whistle Pig Hollow suggests using covering dishes with a glass Pyrex pan if you’re roasting a chicken. If you’re using aluminium foil to store food, ditch it for reusable tin, plastic or glass food containers. If you enjoy camping, ditch the tin foil and bring your own cookware. They can be used over any campfire!

ECOlunchbox 3-in-1 Stainless Steel Food Container Set

ECOlunchbox 3-in-1 Stainless Steel Food Container Set $35.95

ECOlunchbox Three-in-One Stainless Steel Food Container Set


5. Paper towels

Paper towels may be convenient and biodegradable, but the fossil fuels used to produce (and transport) this disposable product is completely wasteful and unnecessary.

The solution? Use reusable, washable cloth towels. To be extra ‘green’, I recommend purchasing these second hand or just upcycle some by cutting up pieces of cotton from old or worn out clothing.

Organic Paperless Towels, 1-Ply, Made from Organically Grown Cotton Birdseye Fabric

Organic Cotton Paperless Towels Set of 10 $23.95

6. Freezer bags & zip lock bags

Forget purchasing freezer bags and zip lock bags. Can you even imagine how many consumers around the world are using, abusing and then tossing these bags into landfill?

The solution? Reusable washable glass containers or even plastic containers.

Seed & Sprout Stacker Stainless Steel Bento Food Container Plastic-Free Metal Lunch Box A Zero Waste, Eco-friendly, Portion Control Lunchbox.

Seed & Sprout Stacker Stainless Steel Metal Lunch Box $19.99

Seed & Sprout Stacker Stainless Steel Bento Food Container Plastic-Free Metal Lunch Box for Kids, Adults. A Zero Waste, Eco-friendly, Portion Control Lunchbox.

Seed & Sprout Stacker Stainless Steel Bento Food Container Plastic-Free Metal Lunch Box Zero Waste, Eco-friendly, Portion Control Lunchbox.

7. Bamboo skewers

While bamboo and wooden skewers are eco-friendly in the sense that they are made from natural materials, the resources used to produce them are wasted. Not to mention that they are usually disposed of after one use.

The solution? Purchase reusable stainless steel (metal) skewers.

Flat Barbecue Skewers, X-Chef 12 inch Stainless Steel Shish Kebab Kabob Grilling Skewers Set of 12

Flat Barbecue Skewers 12 inch Stainless Steel Grilling Skewers Set of 12 $10.99

ditch bamboo skewers for metal skewers

8. Coffee pods

They’re ending up in landfill faster than you can pour yourself a cup of coffee. Yes they can be recycled, but that’s the ‘cure’. The best option is prevention, or in this case, reducing waste.

The solution? Don’t buy them or the coffee pod machines. Make coffee the old fashioned way, in a coffee plunger, stove top espresso or go to a cafe and enjoy one made by a barista – just don’t forget your reusable coffee cup of course!

French Press 20 Oz Pot, Coffee, Espresso and Tea Maker, Chrome, Includes 6 Filters by Procizion

French Press 20 Oz Pot, Coffee, Espresso and Tea Maker $19.97

Kuissential 8-Cup Stainless Steel French Press Coffee, Espresso & Tea Maker, Complete Set

Kuissential 8-Cup Stainless Steel French Press Coffee, Espresso & Tea Maker $19.99

9. Kitchen sponge

Unlike the loofah sponges that are derived from plants, kitchen sponges are made from artificial fibres such as polyurethane. Not only is it non-biodegradable, it’s thrown out and sent to landfill.

The solution? Use a dish cloth that’s reusable and washable.

ditch kitchen sponge use washable dish cloth

10. Toothpicks

How many of us have been presented with toothpicks at a party when served appetisers such as olives and cheese? How many of us consider the wastefulness of it? While toothpicks are compostable, there is an even better solution.

The solution? Opt for stainless steel turkey lacers that are reusable and washable.


11. Cotton buds, also known as ‘Q Tips’

Avoid at all costs. There’s a reason why we have wax in our ears and we shouldn’t try to clean it out with cotton buds. Watch this video to learn why poking cotton buds in your ears is bad for you.

12. Body Wash

Nice smelling and often nicely packaged, but no matter how organic your body wash, it’s still wasteful. Once you’ve used it up, the packaging still needs to be recycled. Have you ever considered the amount of fossil fuels that it has taken to produce 1 litre? I don’t even want to.

The solution? Unpackaged bulk bar soap often sold at local markets and sometimes even farmers markets.

13. Cotton balls

Most cotton is grown using large amounts of pesticides and it is also a water-intensive crop. But even if the cotton balls you use to remove your eye make-up or cleanse your face is grown organically, you will still only use once and then throw away. This is wasteful.

The solution? Use a face cloth, soften it if you must with water, and then gently use on your face.

ditch cotton balls for face cloth

14. Hair spray

Hair spray is an unnecessary beauty item that should be avoided given its toxicity to humans and the environment. It just smells of chemicals don’t you think? However there are times when you might feel that you need it to control your hair.

The solution? Opt for a natural solution and make it yourself. Bea Johnson, author of Zero Waste Home and often referred to as the pioneer of the Zero Waste lifestyle, has this great hair spray recipe you can try:

2-4 lemons sliced
Cover with water
Simmer for 30 min
Pour in spray bottle
Add 1tb rum or vodka

15. Feminine hygiene products

While organic cotton tampons are a great eco-friendly option, it still uses a large amount of non-renewable energy to produce and once used, just ends up in landfill.

The solution? Menstrual cups that can be washed and reused such as The Diva Cup and Ruby Cup.
At first there is the ick factor. I should know, I remember that day well. It took me hours to work up the courage not only to put it in, but then I was stressing so much I couldn’t take it out! An hour of panicking later and I managed to do just that. Now that I’ve been using a menstrual cup for years, I’m not sure how I lived without one!

16. Facial Wipes

Cleansing facial wipes are the epitome of beauty laziness, created especially for disposability. Even if labelled ‘biodegradable’ the non-renewable resources consumed just to create a set of convenient cleansing wipes is shameful.

The solution? Wash your face with water, use coconut oil to remove makeup and use a face cloth that’s machine-washable and reusable.

17. Toothpaste

We all want pearly whites but at what cost to the environment? Toothpaste tubes are binned each time they are used, the price the earth pays for us humans following dentist’s orders.

The solution? Make your own toothpaste. Follow this DIY toothpaste recipe by zero-waste lifestyle advocate and founder of Trash is for Tossers blog, Lauren Singer:

18. Plastic toothbrush

As with a toothpaste tube, a plastic toothbrush is generally sent to landfill once its usefulness is gone.

The solution? Purchase a bamboo compostable toothbrush.


19. Cleaning products

There are many commercial chemical based cleaning products on the markets that are highly toxic. Some are much better in that they are made from natural and organic ingredients. Unfortunately no matter how eco-friendly these ingredients, when you consider the fossil fuels required to produce and transport the bottles and then the amount of energy it takes to recycle the packaging, the impact on the environment can scarcely be called “minimal”.

The solution? Make your own all-purpose cleaner with 1/4 cup bi-carb soda or baking soda, 2 litres of water, 1/2 cup vinegar and add a couple of drops of an essential oil such as tea tree oil if you prefer fragrance.

ditch buying cleaning products make your own cleaning products

Related Post: A Guide to Sustainable Cleaning

20. Wrapping paper

Wrapping paper is a nice to have but definitely not a need to have. It is one product you can definitely do without.

The Solution? If you’re given birthday or Christmas gifts, make sure to save the paper and reuse it so you don’t need to purchase wrapping paper. If you don’t have any wrapping paper to reuse, try using old newspapers destined for recycling or composting or paper bags you’ve saved from shopping.

ditch wrapping paper

21. Magazines

I am partial to purchasing magazines and at one point in my twenties had subscriptions to Vogue, In Style and Shop Til You Drop all at once. A beautiful magazine cover draws me in, but it’s the printed words conjured up by a talented writer or clever journalist that gets me every time. Purchasing a magazine and reading it from cover to cover brings great joy. But it is short lived as once that issue has been devoured, you move on to the next one. The magazines then sit on our book shelves collecting dust and taking up precious room.

The solution? Borrow magazines from the library. You get all the pleasure of reading the magazine without necessarily having to own it. This way you won’t end up with piles of magazines that need to be recycled saving you time, money and the planet’s finite resources.

How advertising has contributed to wasteful consumption magazines

22. Newspapers

So many newspapers created each day around the world only to be discarded at the end of it. How much energy went into growing the trees? How much water? What of the coal that needed to be burned so that the printing factory had the electricity it needed to print the paper? How about the petrol and gasoline needed for the trucks to transport the paper to newsagencies across towns and cities? The cost of our daily newspaper fix is high.

The solution? Get a digital subscription.

Starting your zero waste journey? I recommend checking out the Hoarder Minimalist Book, Workbook and Planner Bundle, a practical guide on how you can start to declutter your home and rethink the way you view stuff.

Now over to you: Are you following a zero-waste lifestyle? What are some of the challenges you’ve faced? What’s your one piece of advice for others looking to embrace a waste-free lifestyle? Feel free to leave a comment below.

Disclosure: This post contains affiliate links. Any funds we make helps us with running costs of this super blog.

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About the author

Jennifer Nini

Jennifer Nini is a writer, activist and the founding editor of Eco Warrior Princess. In 2010, after studying Fashion Business, she launched Eco Warrior Princess to explore her interests in fashion, politics, social justice and sustainability. Jennifer is also the founder of The Social Copywriter, a digital agency harnessing the power of copywriting and content marketing to help mindful businesses reach more people. When she's not perfecting a sentence or coaching business clients, you will find her at her certified organic farm reconnecting with nature.


  • I am a newbie to the sustainable living tribe, but I am definitely taking steps to live more ethically, and to decrease my footprint on the planet even more. Thank you for your blog.

  • I love your “completely sustainable lifestyle” remark at the beginning. It’s great to look at the bigger picture, getting rid of the unnecessary items imposed upon us with advertising and stuff. But some iconic zero-waste solutions don’t work for everybody. For instance, the DIY toothpaste–baking soda even mixed with coconut oil is still unacceptably abrasive. Could you please share other alternatives?

    • Thanks so much! It amuses me how people want everyone to follow their lifestyle, like it’s the one and only way. In fact, we are all different – what we determine as ‘needs’, what we aspire to be, what kind of family we want, where we want to live. Our individual choices lead to successes & challenges. No life is the same, so we have to do the best we can and continue to seek always for better info to help us live consciously 🙂 Now I am told that Bentonite clay and activated charcoal are two solutions. If you need any more zero waste advice, I highly recommend checking out The Rogue Ginger

    • Hi! I make my tooth powder with activated charcoal, bentonite clay, xylatol, and very small amount of baking soda. I add some drops of wintergreen oil as well for a peppermint flavor. Its much less abrasive than the baking soda based recipes. To use, wet your toothbrush and dip into the dry powder. Brush like normal.

  • I’m a little surprised that someone who cares so much for the planet would encourage the consumption of animals (the “chook” in point 4). We can recycle, reduce and reuse all we want but the fact remains that the biggest threat to the planet is climate change and one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gases is animal agriculture. Please do your research on this (Livestock’s Long Shadow, a United Nations report, is a good start but search ‘climate vegan’ for more up-to-date content) and incorporate climate change into your eco-warrior approach! Thanks!

    • Hi Tita, thanks for the comment, but this year I have actually gone from vegetarianism to vegan myself, but I do not want to be militant in my approach to sustainability and particular with food choices, as I don’t actually believe that this helps our cause. I for one am turned off by the moral superiority that tends to go on in the vegan circles and I prefer to take a more empathetic approach – considering that our audience is huge and many of the people in our team are actually NOT vegan or vegetarian. In fact, one of the reasons I refuse to use the word ‘vegan’ when speaking with people about my whole foods, plant-based diet is because of the negative connotations surrounding the word and the ‘vegan’ bashing that often results when you sit with someone who gets hoity toity about it. As I’ve often said on this blog, I am put off by people who ‘bible bash’ me so I do not intend to turn around and ‘eco bash’ either. There are many pieces scheduled this year exploring my journey to veganism which I think is more palatable to our wide readership made up of many people not my end of the ‘sustainability spectrum’. This blog is NOT just a ‘vegan’ blog. It has to meet people where THEY are at, not where I am at. Thanks again for the feedback though!

  • I’m thrilled that you’ve adopted a plant-based diet (a term I prefer myself, for the very reasons you identified) and that you will be exploring this in future posts! Thank you! But I don’t think it’s possible to underestimate the importance of adopting a plant-based diet in an eco-friendly lifestyle, no matter how unpopular and “militant” this may appear to some. I recognize the huge resistance to giving up the eating of animals, and that we all evolve at different rates and in different ways — I am grateful for all efforts to save our battered planet. I just believe it has to be addressed if we’re ever going to make any real progress on climate change and related assaults on our planet.

    • I know right? I think we’ll get to the point where we’ll get back to sustainability and working with the planet, and we’ll look back on this time in history as an aberration because momentarily us humans lost our way 🙂

  • Home made deodorant has been a godsend in our household. I find it effective, it saves us money and I can store it in a recycled glass jar. All that plus I can use certified organic ingredients and my pits have never smelt so clean or felt so soft.

    • Brilliant – I don’t actually use deodorant anymore day-to-day but when I’m on the farm it’s a must. I ran out a month ago (given this blog, I am gifted with product sometimes) and will make my own. I was told coconut oil makes an easy DIY deodorant and next time on the farm I will give it a try. I already use coconut oil for makeup remover (that’s if I wear makeup which I hardly do these days) but I’d love to know your deodorant recipe so I can give it a try and report on it 🙂

      • Yes, I adore Coconut oil it is versatile and I love eating it, it does make an excellent anti-bacterial ingredient but can be a tad drying on its own, add shea butter however, and miracles start happening.

        Since swapping to natural deodorant I can go days without needing it too, still add some heavy exercise to the mix and I use it to protect my clothing from needing immediete washing, saving some water and allowing me to air and wear. My Husband however prefers it daily as his work is very physical and he likes the added assurance.

        Here is the recipe, enjoy!

        3 Tbsps. Organic coconut oil
        3 Tbsps. Aluminium free bi-carb soda
        2 Tbsps. Unrefined organic shea butter
        2 Tbsps. Arrowroot
        10 drops of 100% pure Organic Essential Oil

        Glass bowl, Pyrex
        Wooden Spoon
        Sterilised glass jar with airtight lid
        Electric hand mixer

        1 | Bring a half filled saucepan to the boil, reduce heat to low, place the glass Pyrex bowl over the top so that the base is above the water.
        2 | Add the organic coconut oil to the bowl (mango for those allergic). Stir with a wooden spoon until half melted.
        3 | Add the Shea butter and stir continuously until it has almost melted, remove from the heat.
        4 | Stirring, incorporate the bi-carb soda and the arrowroot, keep stirring until the mixture cools and thickens.
        5 | Transfer to a clean/sterilized glass jar, seal and refrigerate until solid.
        6 | Scrape the contents back to the glass bowl and use a hand mixer on high speed to whisk until the mixture resembles icing.
        8 | Transfer the mixture back into the jar and store in a cool dark place, alternatively refrigerate it.

        Warm 1 tsp. between fingers and apply to both pits, massaging gently until the ingredients have absorbed, then let air dry before dressing.

        1 | Test patch bi-carb soda for allergies, if you have sensitive skin forgo the bi-carb and essential oil(s), as they can be irritating.
        2 | Mango butter can replace Coconut oil for those with allergies.
        3 | Corn flour (corn starch) can replace arrowroot (tapioca starch)
        4 | Magnesium/Salt baths can help rid pits of bacteria when transitioning from chemical deodorant, especially antiperspirants.
        5 | Various oils can be photosensitive, choose wisely
        (I use lavender but am blessed with zero sensitivity).
        6 | You will perspire as nature intended, minus the funk.
        7 | During warm weather, store in the fridge.

        • Oh wow! Thanks so much Michelle! Now if I give it a go and I like it, am I able to re-post this on the site? I will credit you for the recipe of course (and credit wherever you got the recipe if need be too). I might give it a go this weekend as I’ll be at the farm 🙂

          • You absolutely can, please note though I meant 1/2 tsp. as the amount to use…silly me. That said, au naturals who don’t shave may need a tad more. The recipe was adapted from a recipe a friend emailed me and tweaked to suit our household as we don’t use cornflour. The refrigeration and whipping came about as a result of separated ingredients when setting. The mango butter was used once when I ran out of shea butter and was stable, I use shea butter as a staple but others prefer the scent of mango. The essential oils change up with weather and my mood, so go with your nose and don’t forget to do a test patch. I hope you adore using it as much as we do.

          • I didn’t get a chance to make the deodorant when I was at the farm as so much work to do, but I will have some time this weekend. Stay tuned 🙂 I’m certain that it will work a treat and I will most certainly report back. In fact, I’ll probably do a series of Instagram stories 😛

  • Have saved this post to my home screen. It’s hard to change habits but thankfully only have a few on this list. My biggest struggle is standing up for ethical reasons. Working at it everyday. For Christmas people will be receiving certain eco themed gifts. I’m really interested in the beeswax products.

    • Humans are most definitely creatures of habit and habit is most definitely hard to change. But keep going, keep trying, keep progressing. The beeswax products have been really really popular. Some people even make them themselves! We use containers mostly but I know these are not always practical for people. Whatever suits your needs I say so long as there is an attempt to do better 🙂

    • Be careful of wraps with pine tree resin/rosin. Check the material safety data sheet – either here or in the us. The resin is not safe for contact with food.

  • My dentist and the one I had when I lived 250 km from here suggest washing my teeth with brush and water and use toothpaste once in a while only.
    Also I read that some people use oil pulling but never tried it myself.

  • Thank you for sharing this article. I’m really bad when it comes to disposable waste, and I don’t think I can do all of this but I will certainly adopt as much of it as I can.

    I’d like to add, instead of using wrapping paper for gifts try buying furoshiki..traditional Japanese wrapping cloths. I get mine quite cheaply from eBay, AliExpress or Etsy. I like to buy different designs depending on the occasion and season.

    • You’re so welcome Sabrina! I’m glad it’s inspired you at least 🙂 And yes we’ve written about Furoshiki and recommend it as a zero waste gift wrapping alternative 🙂 Good luck on your sustainable journey. It makes us happy when people try their best to reduce environmental impact and waste. Keep us posted!

  • Great post Jennifer. The way you have explained is totally understandable and informative. Many of them don’t follow these all. After reading this article it will surely help people to move toward zero waste.
    Thanks for the post. Waiting for some new posts from you.

    • Thanks Gene. We publish fairly frequently and while I don’t get the chance to write as prolifically as I once did given I’m managing the operations, I do the best I can 🙂 Feel free to share our posts if you think your network will benefit from learning 🙂

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